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Rare Earth within Goldschmidtite Discovered Inside A Diamond

Posted by: Chris Na 2021-10-31 Comments Off on Rare Earth within Goldschmidtite Discovered Inside A Diamond

Rare Earth within Goldschmidtite Discovered Inside A Diamond

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Category: tungsten’s News
Published on Tuesday, 01 October 2019 12:07

Mysterious mineral from earth's mantle discovered in South African diamond, which named "goldschmidtite" which contains rare earth in it. Diamond is the hardest substance in nature. They shine under the illumination of light and look brighter than any other substance. This is the reason people are fascinated and crazy about it. South Africa is the world's largest exporter, and scientists have recently discovered that strange new mineral that has never been seen before.

According to a report in the Life Sciences, scientists unearthed the mineral from a volcanic site in South Africa known as the Koffiefontein pipe. Shining diamonds speckle the dark, igneous rock that lines the pipe, and the diamonds themselves contain tiny bits of other minerals from hundreds of miles beneath Earth's surface. Within one of these sparkling stones, scientists found a dark green, opaque mineral that they estimated was forged about 170 kilometers underground.

The study on matter was published in the Journal of American Mineralogist on September 1. The newfound mineral was named "goldschmidtite", a name in honor of acclaimed geochemist Victor Moritz Goldschmidt, who is recognized by the scientific community as the founder of modern geochemistry and crystal chemistry.

Goldschmidtite has high concentrations of niobium, potassium and the rare earth elements lanthanum and cerium, whereas the rest of the mantle is dominated by other elements, such as magnesium and iron. Potassium and niobium make up most of the mineral, meaning the relatively rare elements were brought together and concentrated to form the unusual substance, despite other nearby elements being more abundant. It's a bit strange.

In a recent statement, geodetic geochemist Graham Pearson said that inclusions in diamond mines are very unusual, and the formation of this unique substance provides them with an insight into the deep fluid flow in the continent. The substance is now located at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto. Some people even think that these substances are worthier than the diamond itself.

The mantle layer is about 2,900 kilometers thick, and the world's deepest artificial cave is only 12 kilometers, which makes it impossible for people to enter the interior of the mantle to study its composition. However, the upper mantle has strong pressure and heat to convert low-carbon sediments into a sparkling diamond, which are pushed to the surface of the earth by ascending, descending, and volcanic movements. The goldschmidtite contains rare elements such as rare earth, which has to say that the earth once again created a miracle.

 

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